Read e-book online The Venture of Islam, Volume 1: The Classical Age of Islam PDF

By Marshall G. S. Hodgson

ISBN-10: 0226346838

ISBN-13: 9780226346830

The enterprise of Islam has been venerated as a magisterial paintings of the brain given that its ebook in early 1975. during this three-volume examine, illustrated with charts and maps, Hodgson strains and translates the old improvement of Islamic civilization from sooner than the beginning of Muhammad to the center of the 20 th century. This paintings grew out of the well-known direction on Islamic civilization that Hodgson created and taught for a few years on the collage of Chicago.

"This is a nonpareil paintings, not just due to its command of its topic but additionally since it demonstrates how, preferably, background can be written."—The New Yorker

Volume 1, The Classical Age of Islam, analyzes the realm sooner than Islam, Muhammad's problem, and the early Muslim nation among 625 and 692. Hodgson then discusses the classical civilization of the excessive Caliphate. the amount additionally features a normal advent to the full paintings and a foreword via Reuben Smith, who, as Hodgson's colleague and buddy, complete the enterprise of Islam after the author's demise and observed it via to booklet.

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Extra resources for The Venture of Islam, Volume 1: The Classical Age of Islam

Sample text

Prior to the Prophet’s hijrah, Muhammad 44 · The Generalship of Muhammad taught and emphasized tolerance and freedom of religion. This was necessary because he and his followers were an extremely small minority within the midst of one of the more powerful tribes in Arabia. If the numbers that migrated to Abyssinia and later to Madinah are any indication of the true strength of the Prophet’s movement in the early days, there may have been no more than 75 to 100 Muslims within a population of over 7,500, or no more than 1 percent.

To all of these people I owe a tremendous debt of gratitude. Nevertheless, as always, any omissions and errors are my own. Introduction · 21 1  Revolution Muhammad’s life did not start out remarkably. He was born in the Hashim clan of the Quraysh, the leading tribe that controlled Makkah. 1 This was exacerbated by Muhammad’s own immediate circumstances, for his father died around the time he was born and his mother died six years later. His father hailed from Makkah, and his mother, via previous generations, from Madinah.

This could be considered Muhammad’s first truly effective propaganda effort as he prepared his base. It did not take long before it bore fruit. In February 621, twelve men met the Prophet outside of Makkah, ten from al-Khazraj and two from al-Aws. They met at the mountain pass of al-῾Aqaba, located just north of Makkah near the caravan road. 73 This pledge, among other issues, called on them to revoke their idols, thus making Allah their only god and Muhammad their lawgiver whom they were to obey.

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The Venture of Islam, Volume 1: The Classical Age of Islam by Marshall G. S. Hodgson

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