By Shahab Shahnavaz
This e-book examines the diplomatic actions and behind-the-scene negotiations which resulted in the Karun beginning, together with an 'Assurance' given by means of Britain to the Shah opposed to a Russian retaliation. It additionally offers a complete research of the region's demography, trade and earlier than the appearance of the Karun, and the influence of Britain's political and advertisement penetration, which finally led to her overall domination of the south. This analytical research of the Anglo-Iranian courting is exclusive in its vast use of basic Persian assets and unique fabric chanced on on the Iranian overseas Ministry data that have been accessed through the writer for the 1st time.
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Extra resources for The Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence (Islamic Studies)
And Wolff realized this too. In Iran, he embarked on numerous projects and carried through more schemes than had any British Minister for many years. The reasons for Wolff’s success where others had failed lay in his experience, energy, tenacity, and perhaps his prestige. It should be added that the moment was opportune too. e. the Shah’s dread of Russia’s reaction, notwithstanding the fact that the ‘assurance’ which he eventually gave the Shah was neither as strong nor as clear as the Shah had always demanded.
159 These incidents tend to show that neither the people nor the officials took this document and the likes of it too seriously. To be implemented, an undertaking of this nature required first a change of heart by the Shah and his officials; second, the creation of a machinery to administer justice and monitor its infringements. As yet, these elements were lacking in Iran. Given his astuteness and knowledge of Iran’s social conditions, Wolff too must have been aware of the impracticality of the Proclamation.
On the other hand the Shah, towards the end of his reign, feared the approach of ‘civilization’ as being likely to curb his already diminished power and to check his autocratic tendencies. He still claimed for himself an absolute right to the land, the people, and their property. 95 The question was therefore of paramount importance. Although at this time there were some wealthy people in Iran, in the first place they were few in number; second, it was believed that the bulk of their wealth was in the shape of estates and immovable property;96 third, even if they did possess the capital, except for a few who either enjoyed the backing of influential personalities or foreign protection, they were reluctant to invest in undertakings like railways, factories, etc.
The Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence (Islamic Studies) by Shahab Shahnavaz