By Christos Pitelis, Roger Sugden
The Nature of the Transnational Firm brings jointly the key ways to the transnational enterprise in a single quantity. prime thinkers current overviews of a colourful theoretical literature and verify the present country of study. completely revised and up to date to take account the explosive progress of international direct funding within the Nineties, this quantity should be welcomed via scholars and researchers of foreign enterprise, foreign economics and company economics. members contain: John Cantwell, John H. Dunning, Edward M. Graham, Jean-Francois Hennart, Neil Kay.
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Extra info for The Nature of the Transnational Firm
When production is located in an area that is itself a centre for JOHN CANTWELL 27 innovation in the industry concerned, the firm may gain access to research facilities which allow it to extend technology creation in what are for it previously untried directions. In recent years technological accumulation has frequently been organised in international networks, or in other words integrated MNCs. At one time MNCs may have been simply the providers of technology and finance for scattered international production; today they have become global organisers of economic systems, including systems for allied technological development in different parts of the world.
The increasing internationalisation of R&D also suggests that MNC growth has helped to sustain technological competition. The use of the market power approach as a general theory of international production therefore has a somewhat dated feel about it. However, competitive international industry approaches allow for cooperation and collusion between firms, and for the weakening of local firms as a consequence of MNC expansion under certain circumstances. Inward investment may have competitive or anticompetitive effects on host country industries (Cantwell, 1989b).
This overvaluation contributed to yet higher outward investment, since US interests were able to buy up European firms and assets more cheaply in dollar terms, which offered a secondary, financial explanation for the high level of US FDI (emphasised by Aliber, 1970). Matters are not so clear-cut in the period of general internationalisation across the firms of many countries in the 1980s. European and Japanese MNCs have expanded their US operations throughout the last decade. Inward direct investment in the USA remained buoyant when the US dollar was strong between 1982 and 1985, just as when it was weaker in the early 1980s and late 1980s.
The Nature of the Transnational Firm by Christos Pitelis, Roger Sugden