By John Hudson (auth.)
This booklet is written due to a private conviction of the worth of incorporating historic fabric into the educating of chemistry, either in school and undergraduate point. certainly, it really is hugely fascinating that an undergraduate path in chemistry includes a separate module at the background of chemistry. This ebook is accordingly geared toward academics and scholars of chemistry, and it'll additionally attract training chemists. whereas the final 25 years has obvious the looks of a big variety of professional scholarly guides at the background of chemistry, there was little written within the approach of an introductory evaluation of the topic. This e-book fills that hole. It accommodates a few of the result of contemporary study, and the textual content is illustrated all through. essentially, a booklet of this size needs to be hugely selective in its assurance, however it describes the topics and personalities which within the author's opinion were of maximum value within the improvement of the topic. The well-known American historian of technological know-how, Henry Guerlac, wrote: 'It is the crucial enterprise of the historian of technology to reconstruct the tale of the purchase of this information and the refinement of its approach or tools, and-perhaps above all-to examine technological know-how as a human job and find out how it arose, the way it built and extended, and the way it has motivated or been encouraged by means of man's fabric, highbrow, or even religious aspirations' (Guerlac, 1977). This publication makes an attempt to explain the advance of chemistry in those terms.
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Additional resources for The History of Chemistry
Boraces: borax, soda. Salts: common salt, potash, slaked lime, etc. Chemists still classify materials into groups containing substances with similar properties as an aid to understanding them. Avicenna is the last of the important writers of the Islamic period of alchemy. He is primarily remembered as a physician, and his medical text was regarded as highly authoritative for 600 years after his death. In his chemical writing he dismisses the possibility of a transmutation being achieved by the administration of an elixir to a base metal.
It produces the spontaneously inflammable phosphine on contact with water. CHINESE ALCHEMY The Chinese alchemists also attempted to manufacture gold, but their motivation for doing so was different. The ultimate goal of adherents to the Taoist faith was to achieve immortality, and the supreme unreactivity of gold appeared to give it an immortal quality. It was therefore hoped that a 'pill of immortality' could be prepared from alchemical gold, and it was even believed that eating food from plates made from alchemical gold could confer longevity.
He is primarily remembered as a physician, and his medical text was regarded as highly authoritative for 600 years after his death. In his chemical writing he dismisses the possibility of a transmutation being achieved by the administration of an elixir to a base metal. If a transmutation is to be achieved at all, the metal must first be broken down into its constituent elements, and then an appropriate recombination attempted. Avicenna's views exerted an important influence on later European alchemy.
The History of Chemistry by John Hudson (auth.)