By Bart Kosko
This e-book seems at such fuzzy or grey matters as they come up within the electronic
age. yet simply what do those phrases suggest? what's fuzzy? what's electronic?
Read or Download The fuzzy future from society and science to heaven in a chip PDF
Best history & philosophy books
A precis of clinical process is a short description of what makes technological know-how medical. it really is written in an immediate, transparent type that's available and informative for scientists and technology scholars. it's meant to assist technological know-how academics clarify how technology works, highlighting strengths with out ignoring barriers, and to aid scientists articulate the method and criteria in their paintings.
First released in 1976, this can be a quantity of stories at the difficulties of theory-appraisal within the actual sciences - how and why very important theories are constructed, replaced and are changed, and via what standards we pass judgement on one idea an boost on one other. the quantity is brought via a vintage paper of Imre Lakatos's, which units out a thought for tackling those difficulties - the method of clinical study programmes.
J. D. Bernal's huge paintings technology in historical past is the 1st full-scale try and examine the connection among technological know-how and society all through historical past, from the perfection of the 1st flint hand ax to the development of the hydrogen bomb. This outstanding examine illustrates the impetus given to and the constraints positioned upon discovery and invention through pastoral, agricultural, feudal, capitalist, and socialist structures, and conversely the ways that technology has altered financial, social, and political opinions and practices.
Der seltsamste Mensch ist der mit dem Costa-Buchpreis ausgezeichnete Bericht über Paul Dirac, den berühmten Physiker, der manchmal als der englische Einstein bezeichnet wird. Er battle einer der führenden Pioniere der großen Revolution in der Wissenschaft des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts: der Quantenmechanik.
- Proofs and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery
- Creating Networks in Chemistry The Founding and Early History of Chemical Societies in Europe
- Galileo and the Dolphins: Amazing But True Stories from Science
- Episodes in the Mathematics of Medieval Islam
- The Very Idea of Modern Science: Francis Bacon and Robert Boyle
- You Failed Your Math Test, Comrade Einstein: Adventures and Misadventures of Young Mathematicians or Test Your Skills in Almost Recreational Mathematics
Additional info for The fuzzy future from society and science to heaven in a chip
The nucleus itself consists of positively charged protons together with electrically neutral neutrons. Each of these two particles is about 1833 times as heavy as an electron. This model is rough, being an old but picturesque model associated with Niels Bohr (1885–1962; NL 1922), the famous Danish physicist. One might expect the atomic weight of an element to be close to a whole number, namely the number of protons plus the number of neutrons in the nucleus, the mass of the electrons being so small that they can be neglected in a ﬁrst approximation.
They are the leptons and quarks. ÔLeptonsÕ, based on a Greek word, refer to the lighter elementary particles. As to quarks, Murray Gell-Mann (b 1929, NL 1969) named them, following a remark by James Joyce in Finnegan’s Wake: ‘Three quarks for Muster Mark! ’ Indeed, as we see from the table, three quarks is exactly what is needed, not only by Muster Mark, but also for the construction of protons and neutrons, and also for the rarer baryons. The composite particles (baryons and mesons) appear further down the table.
Quarks have an additional ÔchargeÕ which comes in three distinct forms, so that the more familiar notion of positive and negative charge is not applicable. What can we possibly think of, to convey the idea of three types of charge, such that certain important combinations leave us without any charge? Physicists adopted ÔcolourÕ as the distinguishing marker: red, blue and some intermediate colour like green or yellowÑany three will do. Quarks feel the colour force, but have not been seen individually.
The fuzzy future from society and science to heaven in a chip by Bart Kosko