By Ma'mar ibn Rashid
The Expeditions is among the oldest biographies of the Prophet Muhammad to outlive into the fashionable period. Its basic writer, Ma'mar ibn Rashid (714-770 AD/96-153 AH), used to be a sought after student from Basra in southern Iraq who used to be respected for his studying in prophetic traditions, Islamic legislation, and the translation of the Qur'an. This attention-grabbing foundational seminal paintings includes tales passed down via Ma?mar to his so much sought after scholar, 'Abd al-Razzaq of San'a', touching on Muhammad’s formative years and prophetic profession in addition to the adventures and tribulations of his earliest fans in the course of their conquest of the close to East. Edited from a sole surviving manuscript, the Arabic textual content deals a number of superior readings over these of prior variations, together with distinctive notes at the text’s transmission and versions as present in later works. This new translation, which renders the unique into readable, glossy English for the 1st time, is observed by way of quite a few annotations elucidating the cultural, spiritual and ancient contexts of the occasions and participants defined inside of its pages. The Expeditions represents a tremendous testimony to the earliest Muslims’ reminiscence of the lives of Muhammad and his partners, and is an integral textual content for gaining perception into the ancient biography of either the Prophet and the increase of the Islamic empire.
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Extra resources for The Expeditions: An Early Biography of Muhammad (Library of Arabic Literature)
61 Dhahabī, Tārīkh, 6:714–15; Ibn Khayr, Fahrasah, 1:154 f. 62 Abū Zurʿah, Tārīkh, 1:457; Ibn ʿAsākir, Dimashq, 36:174. ʿAbd al-Razzāq’s fondess for Ibn Ḥanbal as one of his star students was renowned. See Ibn al-Jawzī, Virtues of the Imam Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, 1: 46–7, 280–81, 424–7. 63 Dhahabī, Tārīkh, 6:714; cf. Ibn Ḥajar, Lisān, 2:36 f. 64 Ibn Mufarrij’s work is no longer extant, to my knowledge, but is said to have been titled Kitāb Iṣlāḥ al-ḥurūf allatī kāna Isḥāq ibn Ibrāhīm al-Dabarī yuṣaḥḥifuhā fī Muṣannaf ʿAbd al-Razzāq; see Ibn Khayr, Fahrasah, 1:155.
628 al-Ḥudaybiyah Jan. -Feb. 630 Ḥunayn Dhū l-Majāz ʿUkāẓ Taif ʿArafāt 0 200 Mecca and Medina during the Lifetime of the Prophet Trade route Settlement Expedition (dates are AD) Mar. 624 0 20 40 60 80 100 km Contour line (height in meters) Design: Sean Anthony Cartography: Martin Grosch Notes to the Frontmatter Foreword 1 Muḥammad Ibn-Isḥāq, ʻAbd-al-Malik Ibn-Hishām, and Alfred Guillaume. The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of [Ibn] Ishāq’s Sīrat rasūl Allāh (London: Oxford University Press, 1955).
Robinson, Islamic Historiography, 135. 53 Horovitz, Earliest Biographies, 80–89. Indeed, Nabia Abbot identified a papyrus fragment from Ibn Isḥāq’s Tārīkh al-khulafāʾ. See Abbott, Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri, 1:80–99. ” 54 For traditions ascribed to al-Zuhrī on the ʿAqabah meetings, see Bayhaqī, Dalāʾil, 2:421– 23, 454; none of these are Maʿmar traditions, but rather come from Mūsā ibn ʿUqbah. For traditions from Maʿmar on the topic, which however are not related on the authority of al-Zuhrī, see ʿAbd al-Razzāq, Tafsīr, 1:129 (ad Q Nisāʾ 4:103); idem, Muṣannaf, 6: 4, 6–7.
The Expeditions: An Early Biography of Muhammad (Library of Arabic Literature) by Ma'mar ibn Rashid