Simon Gindikin, Alan Shuchat's Tales of Mathematicians and Physicists PDF

By Simon Gindikin, Alan Shuchat

ISBN-10: 0387360263

ISBN-13: 9780387360263

This revised and tremendously increased moment version of the Russian textual content Tales of Mathematicians and Physicists includes a wealth of latest information regarding the lives and accomplishments of greater than a dozen scientists all through 5 centuries of heritage: from the 1st steps in algebra as much as new achievements in geometry in reference to physics. The heroes of the ebook are popular figures from early eras, equivalent to Cardano, Galileo, Huygens, Leibniz, Pascal, Euler, Lagrange, and Laplace, in addition a few scientists of final century: Klein, Poincaré, and Ramanujan.

A detailed mix of arithmetic, physics, and heritage, this quantity presents biographical glimpses of scientists and their contributions within the context of the social and political historical past in their occasions. the writer examines many unique assets, from the scientists’ study papers to their own records and letters to family and friends; in addition, specific mathematical arguments and diagrams are provided to assist clarify one of the most major discoveries in calculus, celestial mechanics, quantity conception, and mathematical physics. What emerges are exciting, multifaceted stories of a few awesome intellectuals and their clinical legacy.

Written by means of a wonderful mathematician and available to readers in any respect degrees, this booklet is an excellent source for either scholars and academics and a welcome creation to the background of science.

Show description

Read Online or Download Tales of Mathematicians and Physicists PDF

Similar history & philosophy books

Get A Summary of Scientific Method PDF

A precis of medical strategy is a quick description of what makes technology clinical. it truly is written in a right away, transparent sort that's obtainable and informative for scientists and technological know-how scholars. it truly is meant to assist technology lecturers clarify how technology works, highlighting strengths with out ignoring obstacles, and to aid scientists articulate the method and criteria in their paintings.

New PDF release: Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical

First released in 1976, it is a quantity of stories at the difficulties of theory-appraisal within the actual sciences - how and why very important theories are built, replaced and are changed, and by way of what standards we pass judgement on one thought an develop on one other. the amount is brought by means of a vintage paper of Imre Lakatos's, which units out a idea for tackling those difficulties - the method of medical examine programmes.

Science in History, Volume 3: The Natural Sciences in Our - download pdf or read online

J. D. Bernal's enormous paintings technology in heritage is the 1st full-scale try to study the connection among technology and society all through background, from the perfection of the 1st flint hand ax to the development of the hydrogen bomb. This outstanding learn illustrates the impetus given to and the restrictions put upon discovery and invention by means of pastoral, agricultural, feudal, capitalist, and socialist structures, and conversely the ways that technological know-how has altered monetary, social, and political views and practices.

Read e-book online Der seltsamste Mensch: Das verborgene Leben des PDF

Der seltsamste Mensch ist der mit dem Costa-Buchpreis ausgezeichnete Bericht über Paul Dirac, den berühmten Physiker, der manchmal als der englische Einstein bezeichnet wird. Er struggle einer der führenden Pioniere der großen Revolution in der Wissenschaft des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts: der Quantenmechanik.

Extra resources for Tales of Mathematicians and Physicists

Sample text

And one day, being in the cathedral of that city and curious and clever as he was, he decided to observe the motion of a [hanging] chandelier that swerved from the perpendicular—whether the time it took to swing back and forth along long arcs was the same as along medium and short arcs. It seemed to him that the time to travel a long arc might be less because of the greater speed with which, as he saw, the lamp moved along the higher and more sloped sections. And since the lamp moved gradually, he had a gross estimate, as he was wont to say, of how it moved back and forth, using the beating of his own pulse, as well as the tempo of music he had with great profit practiced.

For simplicity, we will assume that c = 1, that distance is measured in meters (m) and time in seconds (sec). Then at all moments of time, v = s. Consider a point A one meter from the origin O. Let us estimate at what time the body reaches this point after it begins to move. At A the velocity equals 1 meter per second (m/sec). Take the point A1 halfway between O and A. At each point in the interval A1 A the instantaneous velocity will be less than 1 m/sec, and since this interval has length 12 m, more than 1 2 sec is required to traverse it.

For < 0 there are three real roots. For = 0 we have one double real root and one single real root, and when p = q = 0 we have the triple real root x = 0. We continue with the case > 0 (one real root). It turns out that even if an equation with integer coefficients has an integer root, then calculating the root by the formula can lead to intervening irrational numbers. For example, x3 + 3x − 4 = 0 has the unique real root x = 1. For this unique real root, Cardano’s formula gives the expression x= 3 This means that 3 2+ 2+ √ √ 5+ 5+ 3 3 2− 2− √ √ 5.

Download PDF sample

Tales of Mathematicians and Physicists by Simon Gindikin, Alan Shuchat

by James

Rated 4.22 of 5 – based on 19 votes