By Svenja Völkel
This interdisciplinary learn investigates the connection among tradition, language and cognition according to the points of social constitution, house and ownership in Tonga, Polynesia. Grounded on huge box study, Völkel explores the topic from an anthropological in addition to from a linguistic point of view. The e-book presents new insights into the language of admire, an honorific approach that is deeply anchored within the societal hierarchy, spatial descriptions which are decided via socio-cultural and geocentric parameters, kinship terminology and possessive different types that completely exhibit the procedure of social prestige inequalities between relations. those examples impressively exhibit that language is deeply anchored in its cultural context. in addition, the linguistic constructions mirror the underlying cognitive body of its audio system. simply as a number of cultural practices (sitting order, entry to land and reward trade techniques) the linguistic potential should not in basic terms expressions of stratified social networks but in addition instruments to take care of or negotiate the underlying socio-cultural process.
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Additional resources for Social Structure, Space and Possession in Tongan Culture and Language: An ethnolinguistic study
E. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. ) G:-2 etc. tamai ja'e (matu'aj tu 'a sin a mehekitanga tokoua ta'okete tehina tuofefine t:uonga'ane 'ofefine foha tama 'ilamutu fakafotu mokopuna G:-1 G:O G: +I G:+2 etc. In ego's generation, sex (both of referent and ego) and relative age are the distinctive features of the kin terms. In the first ascending generation, kin are clas-· sified according to sex (of the referent) and by distinguishing patrilateral versus matrilateral kin, that is according to sex of ego's parents who are either the referent themselves or the connecting relative.
In Tongan, the focal member is normally described by a kinship term like tamai or tokoua while f()r non-focal members, the suffix -'aki is added to the appropriate kinship term, such as tamai'aki for 'father's brother'. However, although this linguistic option exists, Tongans mostly drop the suffix, and thus do not make the distinction (own observations). 1 also indicates that ego's generation and the first ascending as well as descending generation show much more terminological differentiation than the generations with a greater distance to ego.
Ego's generation, or the first ascending generation). v-ay of expressing a complex social network. 4. Chapter 2. Social structure Lowie's categories, Tongan kinship terminology is a 'bifurcate merging' one, meaning the same term is used for father and father's brother while there is another term f()r mother's brother. 1 shows that the term tamai applies to father as well as father's brother and tu'asina describes the mother's brother. Equally, mother and mother's sister are both expressed by one term (jae) while the father's sister has a separate term (mehekitanga).
Social Structure, Space and Possession in Tongan Culture and Language: An ethnolinguistic study by Svenja Völkel