By Léna Soler, Sjoerd Zwart, Michael Lynch, Vincent Israel-Jost
In the Nineteen Eighties, philosophical, ancient and social reviews of technology underwent a transformation which later developed right into a flip to practice. Analysts of technology have been requested to be aware of clinical practices in meticulous aspect and alongside a number of dimensions, together with the fabric, social and mental. Following this flip, the curiosity in medical practices persisted to extend and had an indelible impression within the a number of fields of technology reports. doubtless, the perform flip replaced our conceptions and methods of technological know-how, yet what did it quite train us? What does it suggest to check medical practices? What are the overall classes, implications, and new challenges?
This quantity explores questions on the perform flip utilizing either case reports and theoretical research. The case stories research empirical and mathematical sciences, together with the engineering sciences. the quantity promotes interactions among stated specialists from diverse, frequently considered conflicting, orientations. It provides contributions along side serious commentaries that positioned the theses and assumptions of the previous in point of view. total, the publication bargains a distinct and numerous variety of views at the meanings, tools, classes, and demanding situations linked to the perform turn.
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Additional info for Science after the Practice Turn in the Philosophy, History, and Social Studies of Science
7), or, more precisely, to the application of this shift to a particular target in which Woody is especially interested: theories. Regarding theories, Woody situates her work on formats in continuity with Hacking’s seminal Representing and Intervening (1983), with the aim of developing “a parallel conception of theoretical practice [parallel to Hacking’s conception of experimental practices], one engaged with the active construction and manipulation of representational artifacts and shaped by practical concerns and contingent, contextually determined goals”, and one in which it becomes clear that “representing is intervening of a conceptual sort”.
On calibration “of distrust”). In relation to these purposes, Andersen begins with a critical discussion of existing philosophical accounts related to “calibration of trust” in situations of epistemic dependence. Following Hardwig’s analysis, she claims that epistemic dependence includes both a moral and an epistemic component: Scientist A must trust that scientist B is both honest and competent. Then, she emphasizes that prominent analyses (particularly those given by Kitcher and Goldman) of how scientists “calibrate” trust in particular relationships do not distinguish between moral and epistemic components.
Precarious and risky possibilities that only emerged in specific circumstances, and could disappear”, and argues for “[t]he contingency of conceptual understanding generally and scientific understanding specifically”. NOTES 1. , for instance, Rouse, 2002, p. 163); “practical turn” is also sometimes found (see, for example, Pickering, 1995b, p. 43, or David Stern’s paper, “The Practical Turn” (2003), in which “practical turn” and “practice turn” are used interchangeably). 2. The aim of the PratiScienS project is to develop a systematic analysis of the consequences of the practice turn in science studies and to investigate philosophically significant issues about scientific practices.
Science after the Practice Turn in the Philosophy, History, and Social Studies of Science by Léna Soler, Sjoerd Zwart, Michael Lynch, Vincent Israel-Jost