By Muhammad Ali Aziz
Pupil, mystic and visionary, Ibn 'Alwân lived in the course of the transition from Ayyubid to Rasulid rule in thirteenth-century Yemen. He used to be popular in his time for his critique of the ruling elites and their governance, and left at the back of a considerable physique of writings on Islamic mysticism, theology, legislations and exegesis of the Qur’an. right here Muhammad Aziz provides a accomplished portrait of Ibn 'Alwân, delineating the spiritual and political heritage in Yemen, the improvement of Sufi orders, the interaction among Sufi, Shi'i and Sunni traditions, and the impression of Ibn 'Alwân at the historical past of Sufism and Islam. the 1st research of Ibn ‘Alwân in English, faith and Mysticism in Early Islam is vital examining for all these drawn to mysticism, early Islam, Sufism, and faith and historical past extra in general.
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Extra info for Religion and Mysticism in Early Islam: Theology and Sufism in Yemen (Library of Middle East History)
122/740) was influenced by his teacher Wāsil b. ‘Atā (d. 131/748), the famous founder of the rationalist school of thought, Mu‘tazila. After the demise of Zayd, the Zaydīs embraced Mu‘tazilī theology and became its ardent followers. The school founded by ar-Rassī (d. 58 Their rejection Aziz_IBT 1/5/11 12:59 PM Page 20 20 Religion and Mysticism in Early Islam of mysticism has been noticed through their activities such as the destruction of saints’ tombs, including the tomb of the Sufi Ibn ‘Alwān.
Kūfa,” Uways responded. ”11 This story of Uways reveals not only his extreme piety but also the concept of knowing the Prophet through a spiritual rather than physical connection. 12 The adept who does not have a direct master is frequently called Uwaysī, or in Turkish, veysi meshreb. The Arabic term for this is Uwaysi mashrab and it refers to the mystic who has reached a state of illumination outside the regular mystical path, and without the spiritual support or guidance of a living Sufi master.
Strothmann (d. 1960), who wrote about Zaydīs from a purely historical perspective. Among the Arab historians who have tackled the question of Zaydīs is the Iraqi Fadīla ‘Abd al-Amīr ash-Shāmī who wrote Tārīkh al-firqah az-zaydiyya (1974). H. 75 This admiration, argues alAkwa‘, sprang from the fact that Subhī uncritically praised some Zaydī Aziz_IBT 1/5/11 12:59 PM Page 22 22 Religion and Mysticism in Early Islam ideas. , who appeared in Kūfa under their founder Zayd b. ‘Alī (d. 122/740). This is not true, al-Akwa‘ says, because the relationship between the Zaydīs of Yemen and the Zaydīs of Kūfa had been cut off since the third/ninth century.
Religion and Mysticism in Early Islam: Theology and Sufism in Yemen (Library of Middle East History) by Muhammad Ali Aziz