By Dawn Archer
This ebook belongs to the speedily turning out to be box of ancient pragmatics. extra in particular, it goals to lend definition to the world of historic sociopragmatics. It seeks to reinforce our knowing of the language of the old court through documenting alterations to the discursive roles of the main lively player teams of the English court (e.g. the judges, attorneys, witnesses and defendants) within the interval 1640–1760. even though the first concentration is on questions and solutions, this e-book additionally analyses using eliciting and non-eliciting units (e.g. requests and instructions) as a way of demonstrating similarities and ameliorations through the years. specific strengths of this paintings contain the examine of alternative kinds of trial, making the consequences possibly extra consultant of the court normally, and the leading edge discourse analytic procedure, which blends corpus method and sociopragmatic research, thereby permitting the quantitative research of sensible phenomena.
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Extra info for Questions and Answers in the English Courtroom (1640–1760): A Sociopragmatic Analysis
Fourthly, if the time of reporting is expressed as later than the time of the utterance, there is generally a change (or backshift) of verb forms. But backshifting is optional when what was said applies equally at the time of reporting (cf. ’, ‘I Chapter 2. ’). 3, they were also a feature of witnesses’ ‘answers’ in the EmodE courtroom, according to my data). g. ‘Then he asks if he’s coming and she says that he could come or not for all she cared’). Several linguists refer to interrogatives with an indirect format as ‘indirect questions’.
Moreover, I will be looking to determine whether a similar relationship exists between these eliciting devices and the role of specific participant groups as it does between questions and answers and examiners and witnesses, for example. I will be making extensive use of a number of pragmatic approaches to help me address the above research questions, including insights gained within the fields of speech act theory, conversation analysis and discourse analysis, and from ‘inference’ and presupposition theories.
Gazdar (1979), for example, makes a distinction between potential presuppositions, which belong to sentences, and actual presuppositions, which belong to utterances. In this way, he is able to treat the propositions underlying interrogative sentences as potential presuppositions that may be actualised – or cancelled – in context. 22 Hence, if it was mutual knowledge that the presupposition of the question Who tidied this house? did not obtain it would simply not acquire the status of an actual presupposition (Riley 1986: 104).
Questions and Answers in the English Courtroom (1640–1760): A Sociopragmatic Analysis by Dawn Archer