Download e-book for kindle: Philosophy of Science for Scientists by Lars-Göran Johansson

By Lars-Göran Johansson

ISBN-10: 3319265490

ISBN-13: 9783319265490

This textbook bargains an advent to the philosophy of technological know-how. It is helping undergraduate scholars from the typical, the human and social sciences to achieve an knowing of what technological know-how is, the way it has built, what its center characteristics are, tips on how to distinguish among technology and pseudo-science and to find what a systematic perspective is. It argues opposed to the typical assumption that there's primary distinction among traditional and human technology, with traditional technology caring with trying out hypotheses and researching traditional legislation, and the purpose of human and a few social sciences being to appreciate the meanings of person and social team activities. as an alternative examines the similarities among the sciences and indicates how the trying out of hypotheses and doing interpretation/hermeneutics are comparable actions. The e-book makes transparent that classes from average scientists are suitable to scholars and students in the social and human sciences, and vice versa. It teaches its readers easy methods to successfully demarcate among technology and pseudo-science and units standards for actual clinical thinking.


Divided into 3 components, the ebook first examines the query what's technological know-how? It describes the evolution of technological know-how, defines wisdom, and explains using and want for hypotheses and speculation trying out. the second one 1/2 half I bargains with medical info and remark, qualitative facts and strategies, and ends with a dialogue of theories at the improvement

of technology. half II deals philosophical reflections on 4 of crucial con

cepts in technological know-how: explanations, motives, legislation and types. half III offers discussions on philosophy of brain, the relation among brain and physique, value-free and value-related technology, and reflections on genuine traits in science.

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Some are inclined to say that Ptolemy had knowledge of the planetary system, but that we now have different (or better) knowledge. This statement implies that one accepts that Ptolemy had false knowledge. But false knowledge is not knowledge, just as counterfeit money is no real money (Fig. 1). A common argument against an objective, absolute understanding of truth builds on the fact that humans have developed many different cultures and conceptual frameworks. Some claim that there is no such thing as absolute truth; that all truths are relative to one’s culture, paradigm, theory or research domain.

If a person believes some proposition P, which happens to be true, but cannot give good reasons for his confidence in the truth of P, then we would hardly say that this person knows P. Instead we would perhaps call it ‘hearsay’, or that ‘he is just repeating what he heard’. 3 What Does It Mean to Believe That P? To believe that a proposition is true is the mental aspect of the concept of knowledge. Notice that belief is not essentially religious. All people believe a large number of different things about the weather, the future and themselves.

The last question is a special case of the more general issue of distinguishing between science and pseudo-science. In discussing these three questions we are inevitably led to the questions regarding the nature of knowledge in general; what knowledge is, how it is that we obtain it, and how we can rely on this knowledge. Therefore, it is natural to proceed with a discussion of the nature of knowledge in general, and whether or not there is a common thread to be found in all activities we call science.

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Philosophy of Science for Scientists by Lars-Göran Johansson

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