Download e-book for kindle: Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge by Patrick Murray

By Patrick Murray

ISBN-10: 1573924989

ISBN-13: 9781573924986

Pdf: experiment, raster, ocr/fully searchable, bookmarked

This shut textual examine treats a overlooked subject within the voluminous literature on Marx. either supporters and competitors of Marx have lengthy assumed that he was once a positivist; besides the fact that, the writer states, Marx didn't undertake this traditional nineteenth-century view of technological know-how. Schooled by way of Hegel, Marx built a watch for the sensible, ancient rootedness of the techniques and the values of technological know-how. The intensity of Marx's inquiries into the character of clinical wisdom locations him within the corporation of philosopher-scientists comparable to Aristotle and Descartes, and his idea of medical wisdom tacitly underlies the development of his masterwork, Capital, making it without notice dense: a lot activates a observe, a contrast, a starting. frequently Marx's knowing of his methodological innovations.

Through an in depth interpreting of Marx's few writings on procedure and a cautious research of the outlet chapters of Capital, this publication exposes this hard caliber of Marx's texts and is helping in assembly these calls for.

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Extra info for Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge

Sample text

1O Hegel's emphasis on labor in the Phenomenology reveals this logical dimension. If the various aspects of culture share a common source as products of consciousness, we may interrogate a historically achieved form of consciousness to find the grammar (logic) embedded in its various productions (scien tific, moral, religious) . All these tenets of Hegel's Phenomenology appear in Marx's dissertation and accompanying writings. As noted earlier, the key to Marx's interpre­ tation of Epicurus is the principle of the free individual self-consciousness, pr6j ected s() clearly in the declinating atom: "The declination of the atom from the straight line is in fact not a particular determination occuring • • MARX'S D O CTORAL DISSERTA TION 15 accidentally in the Epicurean physics.

1 7 If David Hume looms large in this characterization of Epicurus, it should be no surprise, since Marx reads Epicurus as the greatest Greek representative of the Enlight­ enment Moreover, does not the logic of enlightened civil society resemble this Epicurean principle that deifies the individual? Marx's dissertation work goes beyond being a formal preparation for his later studies of capitalism. It is a formal preparation in that Marx exercises his skills at determining the logic of a form of consciousness and displaying how ossified, partial principles can restrict our experience.

1 1 I The necessary relationship between two apparent opposites (speculation and empiricism) characterizes Hegelian argumentation. Equally characteristic is Marx's further conclusion. I Hegel's logic an his treatment of empirical actuality compose a false, illusory, and ultI­ mately contradictory totality, in that Hegel's logic is not the log� c of th� t empirical actuality, an inadequacy is immanent to bot Hegel's logiC a� d hiS . use of data. Hegel himself uses this type of argument III the IlltroductlO n to .

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Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge by Patrick Murray

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