By Franck Lihoreau
This targeted quantity of Grazer Philosophische Studien positive aspects twelve unique essays at the dating among wisdom and questions, a subject of extreme value to epistemology, philosophical good judgment, and the philosophy of language. It increases loads of concerns in every one of those fields and at their intersection, bearing, inter alia, at the idea of rational deliberation and inquiry, pragmatism and advantage epistemology, the issues of scepticism and epistemic justification, the idea of statement, the potential for deductive wisdom, the semantics and pragmatics of data ascriptions, the factivity of data, the research of hid questions and embedded interrogative clauses, propositional attitudes and two-dimensional semantics, contextualism and contrastivism, the excellence among knowledge-that and knowledge-how, the character of philosophical wisdom, and the matter of epistemic worth. Addressing those in addition to many different importantly similar matters, the papers within the quantity together give a contribution to giving an summary of the present kingdom of the debates at the subject, and a feeling of the instructions within which philosophical study on wisdom and questions is presently heading.
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Additional info for Knowledge and Questions.
Can all inﬂ uence the set of possible answers associated with such a question. Second, once we have determined the range of possible answers in a case like this, there are further questions about how, in context, a particular answer should be expressed. Eﬀective eliciting of information and inquiry will be hindered if w e lack the capacity to identify ho w answ ers should be formulated. But, third, who-questions (especially pr edicate-wanting ones) intr oduce a further level of context relativity.
In many cases, my answer will not succeed in picking out a unique individual y et will not be an evasion of the question. I may tell y ou that it is a J ehovah’s witness, that it is one of the children from next door, that it was a postman, that it was someone asking for directions and so on. The characterisation I oﬀer is an indeﬁnite one, but is exactly what is required. Other examples are: Who is Peter? Peter is a bricklayer. (Belnap 1982, 195) Who is Tully? A Roman statesman and orator. (Stampe 1974, 168–9) Denis Stampe calls such questions ‘ predicate-wanting’, and he follo ws Belnap in thinking that ther e is a syntactic ambiguity in who-questions, even if it is not evident from surface grammar.
Thus, it is ﬁ rst of all the speaker who has the main responsibility: it is his task to eliminate any imprecision that might be an obstacle to communication.
Knowledge and Questions. by Franck Lihoreau