Download e-book for kindle: Jerusalem, Jerusalem: How the Ancient City Ignited Our by James Carroll

By James Carroll

ISBN-10: 0547195613

ISBN-13: 9780547195612

James Carroll’s pressing, masterly Jerusalem, Jerusalem uncovers the ways that the traditional urban grew to become a transcendent delusion that ignites spiritual fervor not like wherever else in the world. That fervor animates American heritage up to it does the center East, within the current as deeply as within the past.

In Carroll’s provocative interpreting of the deep earlier, the Bible got here into being as an act of resistance to the violence that threatened Jerusalem from the beginning. Centuries later, holy wars burned apocalyptic Jerusalem into the Western brain, sparking expressly spiritual clash between Jews, Christians, and Muslims. the warmth stretched from Richard the Lionheart to box Marshal Edmund Allenby, whose global battle I conquest of town relit the fuse for a warfare that also rages.

Carroll’s excellent jump is to teach how, as Christopher Columbus used to be dispatched from the Crusades-obsessed Knights Templar’s final outpost in Iberia, the hot international too was once powerfully formed via the millennial obsessions of town on a Hill — from Governor Winthrop to Abraham Lincoln to Woodrow Wilson to Ronald Reagan. Heavenly Jerusalem defines the yank mind's eye — and continually, the earthly urban smolders. Jerusalem fever, inextricably tied to Christian fervor, is the lethal — unnamed — 3rd occasion to the Israeli-Palestinian wars. figuring out Jerusalem fever is the major that unlocks global historical past, and the prognosis that provides us our greatest likelihood to reimagine peace.

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The importance of the Quran as the principal guide of Muslim life required the fixing of a vulgate. During Mugammad’s life and immediately thereafter, the text existed as fragments, written down on parchment (sometimes even on shoulder-blades and stones) by a number of Companions, possibly as early as the Meccan period. Some parts of it had also been committed to memory by certain of the Prophet’s supporters and relatives. Abu Bakr attempted to create an official collection of the text, but the project seems to have failed.

All this goes to show that the Peninsular Arabs were not mere nomads subsisting on a primitive desert economy. While there were tribes, such as certain clans of the Kinda, who did lead a nomadic lifestyle, the majority of 14 See Sayyid Salim, Tarikh al-qArab fi qAsr al-Jahiliyya (Alexandria: Mupassasat Shabab al-Jamiqa, 1990), 360, on the authorities of Isbahani and Ibn Hisham. 15 Evidence shows that most of Arabia was not entirely nomadic, and that there was no necessary relationship between tribal nomadism and a ‘‘primitive’’ lifestyle.

By the time of his death in 13/634, order was restored, the tribes having been largely subdued. With this reassertion of Islamic dominance over the entire Arabian Peninsula, the nascent state emerged all the more powerful, with a reinforced assurance of its military strength and religious conviction. The consolidation of the military and political standing of the young state permitted qUmar b. al-Khattab (qUmar I), the second caliph, to undertake intensive military campaigns directed mainly at the Syrian and Iraqian north, ruled, respectively, by the vassal kingdoms of Byzantium and Sasanid Persia.

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Jerusalem, Jerusalem: How the Ancient City Ignited Our Modern World by James Carroll

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