By Stephen Murdoch
Advance compliment for
IQ a sensible historical past of a Failed Idea
"An up to date, reader-friendly account of the continued saga of the mismeasure of girls and men."
—Howard Gardner, writer of Frames of brain and a number of Intelligences: New Horizons
"The excellent news is that you just won't be proven after you've learn Stephen Murdoch's very important new booklet. the higher information is that IQ: a wise background of a Failed thought is compelling from its first pages, and through its end, Murdoch has deftly verified that during our zeal to quantify intelligence, we now have needlessly scarred—if no longer destroyed—the lives of thousands of people that didn't want an IQ ranking to end up their worthy on the planet. IQ is nice narrative journalism, a ebook that i'm hoping ends up in helpful change."
—Russell Martin, writer of Beethoven's Hair, Picasso's struggle, and Out of Silence
"With fast paced storytelling, freelance journalist Murdoch lines now ubiquitous yet nonetheless debatable makes an attempt to degree intelligence to its origins within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries. . . . Murdoch concludes that IQ trying out presents neither a competent nor a necessary instrument in realizing people's habit, nor can it are expecting their destiny luck or failure. . . . A considerate evaluation and a welcome reminder of the risks of counting on such standardized tests."
"Stephen Murdoch gives you a lucid and interesting chronicle of the ever present and occasionally insidious use of IQ assessments. this can be a clean examine a century-old and nonetheless arguable idea—that our human strength should be distilled all the way down to a unmarried attempt ranking. Murdoch's compelling account calls for a reexamination of our mania for psychological measurement."
—Paul A. Lombardo, writer of 3 Generations, No Imbeciles: Eugenics, the ideally suited court docket & dollar v. Bell
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Extra info for IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea
Cattell, for his part, gave up experimental psychology, relegating himself to administration, editing Science magazine, and running a company he called the Psychological Corporation. Despite the demise of his testing methods before his death, however, Francis Galton remained widely respected and admired. ” Francis Galton managed to live two years more, but eugenics and one of its prime tools, the intelligence test, would continue to flourish well into the future. qxd 4/16/07 2:09 PM Page 29 Chapter 3 The Birth of Modern Intelligence Tests A t the turn of the twentieth century, the intelligence test was saved by Alfred Binet, a Frenchman who fell into psychology quite by accident and who failed miserably, repeatedly, and publicly until he created the exams that are the foundation of intelligence tests today.
Confronted by complicated data sets with variables he presumed to be interdependent and related (for instance, people’s physical measurements; and the ability to hear, see, and strike), Galton found mid- to late-nineteenth-century statistics of little help. While statistics certainly existed at that time, it was not a stand-alone field as we know it today, nor did the word statistics necessarily have the same mathematical connotation it does now. Of the European countries this was particularly true in Britain, where Galton worked.
The final group of questions, devised so that average five- to eleven-year-olds could answer them, were significantly harder and more abstract. For example, they required children to describe the differences between objects, such as paper and cardboard. qxd 4/16/07 34 2:09 PM Page 34 IQ obeisance. The débiles (morons), the highest grade of retarded, didn’t make it this far, only getting a few of the group of questions correct. Binet and Simon’s decision to compare mental age with chronological age gave teachers a tool they could use.
IQ: A Smart History of a Failed Idea by Stephen Murdoch