By Chahryar Adle, Irfan Habib, Karl M. Baipakov
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Additional info for History of Civilizations of Central Asia - Vol. 5: Development in Contrast : from the Sixteeth to the Mid-Nineteenth Century
6. cAbdullah, MS, fol. 93a. 37 R. G. Mukminova and A. Mukhtarov by the end of Shaybani Khan’s life such nobles had become restive at any attempt to exercise control over them. Various documents attest to the wealth of individual Uzbek sultans who owned pastureland and other income-yielding property. 8 He was later to be the commander of the garrison placed in Herat. Shaybani Khan succeeded in uniting a patchwork of small domains and, for a time, centralizing political power. 9 Shaybani Khan took a series of measures aimed at restoring agriculture and reclaiming land that had been abandoned during the years of civil strife.
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LIFE Despite the undoubtedly slow pace of socio-economic development in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, Bukhara remained a centre of crafts and trade for a fairly large region. The products of craftsmen, farmers and livestock breeders were sold mainly in domestic markets, though some were exported. Trade was carried on for the most part along heavily travelled land routes, but also along waterways, especially the Amu Darya. For instance, ‘from the Kelif quayside at Termez, where the corn grows well and ripens early’, boats left laden with corn for Khwarazm.
50 The khanate (emirate) of Bukhara under the Manghits, the role of the qush-begi, lit. ‘chief of birds’, ‘commander of falconers’, grew substantially); the mushrif (supervisor), whose duties included noting all grants made by the sovereign and maintaining records of kharaj (land tax) receipts in daftars (tax registers); the mir-shab (chief of night duty); the dadkhwah, in charge of receiving complaints from the population; the mir-akhur, or master of the stables; the dastarkhwanchi (court official, lit.
History of Civilizations of Central Asia - Vol. 5: Development in Contrast : from the Sixteeth to the Mid-Nineteenth Century by Chahryar Adle, Irfan Habib, Karl M. Baipakov