By Michael Frassetto
One of the most complex mysteries of medieval Europe are the lives of the nice heretics and their ideals and practices that confounded the lessons of the demonstrated Church. in the course of the brave stories of those women and men and the violent non secular intolerance they encountered, Michael Frassetto enters the darkish heritage of the good medieval heretical movements-ideas and activities that had, through the top of the center a long time, completely remodeled the spiritual, cultural, and political map of Europe.
The nice Medieval Heretics explores 5 centuries of social and religious turmoil via a shiny and telling mixture of occasions, principles, and personalities, together with Bogomil, an imprecise tenth-century priest from the Balkan geographical region who brought heretical principles to his parishioners; Stephen and Lisois, the French courtier clergymen accused of satan worship, whose intimacy with their king and queen did not retain them from the stake; Henry the Monk, who eluded his captors and ready the Languedoc in southern France for the Cathar heresy; Valdes, the wealthy service provider from Lyons, who renounced worldly items to chanced on the flow that may evolve into the Waldensian church; Pierre Autier, one of many final Cathar missionaries; Fra Dolcino, whose brigand fans terrorized northern Italy; the good mystic Marguerite Porete, who was once publicly burned in Paris; the Beguines, pious laywomen who lived in self-sufficient groups in a number of elements of Europe; and the heralds of the Protestant Reformation, the Oxford pupil John Wyclif and the Czech priest Jan Hus.
The nice Medieval Heretics is a riveting chronicle of the hunt for religious fact and purity, and an affidavit to the ability of faithin the face of ache and persecution. From first to final this can be heritage replete with ardour, terror, and wish, and a key to the guts of medieval Europe.
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Extra info for Heretic Lives: Medieval Heresy from Bogomil and the Cathars to Wyclif and Hus
The second phase started in 1135, when he reappeared in southern France, in the diocese of Arles, after an absence of some twenty years. Preaching heretical doctrines again, Henry was brought before the Council of Pisa; probably not long before that, he had engaged in debate with a monk named William, who left the most detailed record of Henry’s teaching. The final phase began in 1139 and lasted until Henry’s capture in 1145, when he was pursued by the great Cistercian monk Bernard. By that time he had spread his teachings in Languedoc a region that would later become one of the great centres of heresy.
Having revealed themselves and their beliefs fully to the council, Stephen and Lisois insisted that the meeting be brought to an end. ’14 Openly expressing their unorthodox teachings, Stephen and Lisois and their followers were recognised as heretics and were condemned by the King and his council. They were then clothed in the dress of their orders and deposed from their clerical offices. They were driven out of the assembly hall, care having been taken to ensure that the enraged multitude would not harm them, and Queen Constance struck out the eye of Stephen, her former confessor, with her staff, to display her displeasure and to disassociate herself from him.
The eleventh-century arrival of the Bogomils remains, however, a controversial point, which most, though by no means all, recent historians do not accept. But the issue is not whether the Bogomils helped to shape heresy in France and other parts of western Europe; it is, rather, when this happened. The importance of the Bogomils in the development of heresy in Latin Europe should not be understated even if the exact moment of their arrival may never come to be known. On the generally accepted view, the Bogomils only arrived in western Europe in the twelfth century, but the first expressions of heresy in Latin Europe took place in the years around the turn of the millennium as Ademar reveals.
Heretic Lives: Medieval Heresy from Bogomil and the Cathars to Wyclif and Hus by Michael Frassetto