By D. Teferra
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Extra resources for Funding Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa
Botswana The only middle-income country represented in this study, Botswana has reached a 17 per cent enrolment rate – one of the highest in Africa. 8 million people has managed to expand access over the years, with the anticipated goal of reaching 20 per cent by 2016. The government, 6 Damtew Teferra under pressure from the anticipated depletion of the diamond bounty, is in the process of deploying the higher education system to raise its global competitiveness (Teferra, 2012). As part of this vigorous effort, Botswana is establishing, among other initiatives, a brand new international university of science and technology to attract students, faculty and administrators from the region and internationally.
The mining sector has often expressed the dilemma they face when trying to recruit artisans; very often the mining industry ends up recruiting foreign artisans. This issue came to the forefront when a massive coal-mining venture was planned in Mamabula. There was a public outcry about the lack of artisans since the technical colleges were not producing enough graduates to meet the demand. 1. 1 Student destinations and volumes Year 1998 Botswana South Africa Other Countries Total 3,784 4,374 5,556 6,054 6,232 6,495 5,953 5,490 5,511 15,451 196 177 399 4,782 3,304 1,765 1,605 1,664 1,563 1,373 818 1999 402 2000 415 2001 662 2002 448 2003 404 2004 403 2005 345 2006 2007 648 1,333 4,798 4,953 6,370 11,498 9,984 8,664 7,961 7,499 7,722 18,157 Source: Weeks et al.
Private institutions have also seen remarkable growth, from a handful in the early 2000s to more than 60 early in the next decade. The total enrolment figure rose from 40,000 in the early 2000s to more than 400,000 in 2012 (MOE, 2012). Two chapters on higher education funding in Ethiopia are featured in this volume. Yigezu offers a comprehensive policy analysis on funding patterns, strategies and trajectories in the country, identifying their strengths and failings. He also examines the pattern of expenditure, the role and contribution of donors, the internal and external efficiency and effectiveness of public funding and the modalities of business/industry and university linkages and partnerships.
Funding Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa by D. Teferra