By Ed. by Jane A. Hill, Philip Jones, and Antonio J. Morales
For nearly 3 thousand years, Egypt and Mesopotamia have been every one governed via the one sacred place of work of kingship. notwithstanding geographically close to, those historical civilizations have been culturally precise, and students have traditionally contrasted their respective conceptualizations of the last word authority, imagining Egyptian kings as invested with cosmic energy and Mesopotamian kings as essentially political leaders. in truth, either kingdoms relied on spiritual beliefs and political assets to valid and workout their authority. Cross-cultural comparability unearths the subtle and sundry innovations that historical kings used to unify and govern their growing to be kingdoms.
Experiencing strength, producing Authority attracts on wealthy fabric documents left in the back of through either kingdoms, from royal monuments and icons to the written deeds and commissions of kings. 13 essays provocatively juxtapose the relationships Egyptian and Mesopotamian kings had with their gods and non secular mediators, in addition to their matters and courtroom officers. additionally they discover the ideological importance of panorama in each one state, because the usual and outfitted surroundings encouraged the financial system, protection, and cosmology of those lands. The interaction of faith, politics, and territory is dramatized by way of the standard info of financial system, alternate, and governance, in addition to the social crises of warfare or the demise of a king. Reexamining tested notions of cosmic and political rule, Experiencing energy, producing Authority demanding situations and deepens scholarly ways to rulership within the old global.
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Additional info for Experiencing Power, Generating Authority. Cosmos, Politics, and the Ideology of Kingship in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
Kings were generally rulers of particular places—whether a city, a country or even the whole world—rather than scions of a particular dynasty. Roaf focuses briefly on the territorial aspects of kingship and then more fully on the way royal building activities have an impact on the landscape. He emphasizes how fluid all relationships to the landscape were: concepts of territory evolved over time; the urge to surpass as well as simply emulate the building work of predecessors ensured that there was a constant evolution of such work.
Pongratz-Leisten focuses on Neo-Assyrian kingship in the 7th century BCE. She analyzes the nature of the relationship between king and elites as the society attempts to create a royal figure that is independent of social and political frameworks (see also Morris, this volume). Nonetheless, such creation was undertaken by the elite members of these frameworks. Pongratz-Leisten sets out to identify these players and the king’s relationship to them. She identifies the so-called scholars—experts in traditional science and lore—rather than the priesthood as the group delineating the king’s intermediary role between gods and people.
We see the need for outside legitimacy exemplified in terms of the king’s relationship to both the gods, his own ancestors, and to his own subjects. In terms of the gods, there are appeals to both divine favor and divine status. The legitimacy of the king was established in the earliest periods of both cultures through association with the patron deity of a polity or city. As we see in Morris’s account of the offerings of King Scorpion and Narmer, in Egypt the first and most obvious association of the king with a local cult was with the sky god Horus of Hierakonpolis (Kemp 2006:83–85).
Experiencing Power, Generating Authority. Cosmos, Politics, and the Ideology of Kingship in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia by Ed. by Jane A. Hill, Philip Jones, and Antonio J. Morales