By J.E. Petersen, W.M. Kemp, V.S. Kennedy (auth.), John E. Petersen, Victor S. Kennedy, William C. Dennison, W. Michael Kemp (eds.)
The environmental demanding situations now dealing with humanity, starting from weather switch to urbanization to invasive species to agricultural and commercial toxins are rather acute within the coastal sector. examine during this quarter and in different aquatic ecosystems is advanced via interactions that ensue over wide scales of time, area, and ecological complexity. Enclosed experimental ecosystems (mesocosms and microcosms) became severe learn instruments simply because they supply a level of regulate now not conceivable via box experiments. but up to now, concepts for systematically extrapolating effects from small-scale experimental ecosystems to greater, extra open, extra biodiverse, and extra heterogeneous ecosystems in nature haven't been good constructed. This publication is designed to supply scientists, source managers and scholars with a complete and functional consultant and reference for bettering the layout and interpretation of study performed in experimental ecosystems.
Read or Download Enclosed Experimental Ecosystems and Scale: Tools for Understanding and Managing Coastal Ecosystems PDF
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Extra resources for Enclosed Experimental Ecosystems and Scale: Tools for Understanding and Managing Coastal Ecosystems
R. ). Flows of Energy and Materials in Marine Ecosystems: Theory and Practice. Plenum Publishing, New York. V. 1989. Perspectives in hierarchy and scale. Pages 140–156 in J. M. A. ). Perspectives in Ecological Theory. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. L. B. E. Allen. 1986. A Hierarchical Concept of Ecosystems. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. P. 1984. The mesocosm. BioScience 34:558–562. T. 1951. The stability of the world strontium cycle. Science 114:407–411. T. 1989. Experimental study of self-organization in estuarine ponds.
A synthetic microcosm. Limnology and Oceanography 14:142–145. , D. Q. A. Buckley. 1980. Turbulent mixing in aquatic mesocosms. P. Giesy,Jr. ). Microcosms in Ecological Research. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA. Q. A. Oviatt, P. Donaghay, B. Sullivan, S. Seitzinger, D. Rudnick and J. Frithsen. 1984. Eutrophication of a coastal marine ecosystem – An experimental study using the MERL microcosms. R. ). Flows of Energy and Materials in Marine Ecosystems: Theory and Practice. Plenum Publishing, New York.
A quantitative review of the scaling attributes of 360 studies conducted in aquatic mesocosms found that only 43% of published papers provided complete physical dimensions (width, depth, volume, Figure 25: A row of 1 m3 indoor pelagic-benthic tanks, Multiscale Experimental Ecosystem Research Center (left); An outdoor mesocosm in the Patuxent River, Maryland (right). duration) of the experimental systems (Table 4) (Petersen et al. 1999). This lack of information about experimental scale makes it exceedingly challenging to apply research findings to nature.
Enclosed Experimental Ecosystems and Scale: Tools for Understanding and Managing Coastal Ecosystems by J.E. Petersen, W.M. Kemp, V.S. Kennedy (auth.), John E. Petersen, Victor S. Kennedy, William C. Dennison, W. Michael Kemp (eds.)