Download e-book for kindle: Discourse Processing by August Flammer

By August Flammer

ISBN-10: 0444865152

ISBN-13: 9780444865151

Learn on discourse (or textual content) processing has only in the near past come into its personal. It builds at the paintings of textual content research which has an extended and wonderful background, yet glossy advancements in psychology (e.g. reminiscence research), man made intelligence, linguistics and philosophy have contributed to this emergence within the final decade as a full of life and promising examine zone. This ebook includes forty six chosen and edited contributions from the foreign Symposium held in Fribourg in 1981, and represents a very foreign assessment of the advancements in learn on written and oral discourse. The contributions were grouped based on challenge sector and never in line with method, with the goal of targeting the real concerns within the box of discourse processing and of revealing how varied methods give a contribution to a greater figuring out of the issues concerned. the most issues are: textual content constitution, coherence, inference, reminiscence methods, consciousness and keep an eye on, target views, and academic implications.

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Labov, W . & Waletzky, J . N a r r a t i v e a n a l y s i s : Oral v e r s i o n s of p e r s o n a l exp e r i e n c e . 1n:H. Helm ( E d . ) , Essays on the v e r b a l and v i s u a l a r t s . S e a t t l e / L o n d o n , 1967. L i e n e r t , G. Testaufbau und T e s t a n a l y s e . Weinheim: B e l t z V e r l a g , 1961. M i l l e r , G . , G a l a n t e r , E . & Pribram, K . P l a n s and the s t r u c t u r e o f b e h a v i o r . New York: H o l t , R i n e h a r t & Winston, 1960.

Production of conversational n a r r a t i v e s r e q u i r e s t h a t both speaker and l i s t e n e r be a t ease ( i n a l e i s u r e l y mood), must know something about each o t h e r , and a r e not busy otherwise. WHAT HAKES A GOOD STORY? 21 Examples of v i o l a t i o n s : Trying t o t e l l a conversational n a r r a t i v e t o a stranger who i s chasing a bus v i o l a t e s a l l t h r e e aspects of c r i t e r i o n 1 ; or take a witness in court who t e l l s a long conversational n a r r a t i v e evaluating his observations a n d expressing h i s personal opinions instead of giving a genuine s h o r t r e p o r t .

B u t the l i s t e n e r has t o reconstruct these underlying semantic s t r u c t u r e s on t h e b a s i s of the surface of the incoming t e x t , so t h i s surface has to give i n d i c a t i o n s a s t o t h e underlying semantic s t r u c t u r e s . These indications a r e normally given in the form of discourse markers (Wald 1978) o r contextualization cues (Gumperz 1978). T h u s a c r i t e r i o n f o r a good n a r r a t i v e i s not only: 1 2 . S e r i a l i z e your utterance according t o t h e v a r i a b l e s e r i a l i z i n g r u l e s ; but also: WHAT MAKES A GOOD STORY?

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Discourse Processing by August Flammer

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