By Nils Christie
Publish yr note: First released in 1993
This vintage textual content argues that crime regulate, instead of crime itself is the true chance for our destiny. because the moment variation used to be released in 1994, legal populations, specially in Russia and the USA, have grown at an more and more fast cost.
This third edition is released to take account of those adjustments and draw awareness to the dimensions of an escalating challenge. It comprises thoroughly new chapters - one on 'penal geography', the opposite on 'the Russian case' - and has been widely revised.
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Additional info for Crime Control as Industry (3rd Edition)
Five groups are there . First: Official operators o f the penal law system - prison directors, guards, doctors, social workers, probation officers, prison teachers, judges, police. Second: Politicians - members of the Starting (the Legi slative Assembly), sometimes Ministers, always advisers of some sort, and local politicians. Third: The "liberal opposition" - lay people interested in criminal policy, students, defence lawyers, university teachers. Fourth: People from the media. Fifth: Prisoners, often people still serving sentences, but on leave for these days.
Roughly 90% of the prisoners are males . So are also 80% of the probationers and 89% of the parolees . The figures are presented in Table 3. 4-5. W e see from this table that an estimated number of 5 ,22 1 ,484 of all US males are under the control of the penal system in 1 999. 11, com bined with the Resident Population Estimate, I April, 1 990 to I May, 1999. The females are probably slightly older, and this might also be the case for those on pro bation and parole. 4-5. Estimated number of males in the US population con trolled by the penal system 1999.
What is now Russia has one million prisoners, or 685 per I 00,000 of the population. If we include people involuntarily detained in certain "treatment-institutions". the relative figures end up slightly above 700 per I 00,000 (Abramkin, personal communication, summer 1999). Now the increase seems to have come to a stop. The numbers have not risen in the last two or three years. An amnesty given 70,000 prisoners during the spring of 1999 has not led to a decrease compared with the preceding years, but has helped to stabilise the situation.
Crime Control as Industry (3rd Edition) by Nils Christie