Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals by Richard Jackson Harris (Eds.) PDF

By Richard Jackson Harris (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0444889221

ISBN-13: 9780444889225

This choice of 33 papers represents the most up-tp-date considering andresearch at the examine of cognitive processing in bilingual participants. Thecontributors contain famous figures within the box and promising newscholars, representing 4 continents and paintings in dozens of languages.Instead of the social, political, or academic implications ofbilingualism, the point of interest is on how bilingual humans (mostly adults) thinkand method language.

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The authors concluded these differences occurred because the tasks were data-driven (see discussion of Durgunoglu and Roediger in previous section). They suggested, as did Magiste, that bilinguals are at a disadvantage on data-driven tasks because they spend less time processing words in their first language. The above experiments examined whether knowledge of a second language interferes with the access of L1 words of the shared conceptual store. Meanwhile, Potter, So, Von Eckhardt and Feldman (1984) compared processing times to test more precise hypotheses about how the L2 words access the conceptual representations.

Influence of an Inactive Laneuage on an Active Laneuag The experiments in this section also focus on the question of whether knowledge of an inactive language influences functioning in an active language. Ervin (1961) studied this by observing how monolingual Navaho and bilingual Navaho-English subjects label colours, for the colour label categories are different in the two languages. She found the bilinguals labeled colours differently from the monolinguals in their native language, with differences consistent with the organization of colour labels in the inactive language, English.

As models were developed incorporating the idea that there are different levels and structures in processing words, experimenters became concerned whether their tests reflected the level of processing they sought to describe. The primed LDT was at first taken as a good vehicle for revealing the organization of the representations of concepts. Soon, however, researchers began to argue that it may reflect other processes in memory. The arguments that surround how to interpret the results of the primed LDT, and the arguments about the organization of bilingual memory, share a theoretical basis.

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Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals by Richard Jackson Harris (Eds.)

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