By Shogo Suzuki
This ebook severely examines the impact of overseas Society on East Asia, and the way its makes an attempt to introduce ‘civilization’ to ‘barbarous’ polities contributed to clash among China and Japan.
Challenging latest works that experience provided the growth of (European) foreign Society as a innovative, linear technique, this booklet contends that imperialism – besides an ideology premised on ‘civilising’ ‘barbarous’ peoples – performed a important position in its historical improvement. contemplating how those parts of foreign Society affected China and Japan’s access into it, Shogo Suzuki contends that such states envisaged a Janus-faced foreign Society, which concurrently aimed for cooperative kinfolk between its ‘civilized’ participants and for the advent of ‘civilization’ in the direction of non-European polities, frequently by means of coercive capacity. via analyzing the advanced approach during which China and Japan engaged with this dualism, this booklet highlights a darker facet of China and Japan’s socialization into overseas Society which prior reports have didn't acknowledge.
Drawing on chinese language and eastern basic assets seldom used in diplomacy, this booklet makes a compelling case for revising our understandings of foreign Society and its enlargement. This booklet can be of robust curiosity to scholars and researcher of diplomacy, overseas heritage, eu stories and Asian Studies.
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Extra resources for Civilization and Empire: China and Japan's Encounter with European International Society
Finally, Keal notes that natural law interpretations of international law were replaced by legal positivism by the nineteenth century. 38 As Henry Wheaton remarked in Elements of International Law: Is there a uniform law of nations? There certainly is not the same one for all the nations and states of the world. 40 International law could also play an important role as the handmaiden of imperialist expansion. Keene notes that Grotius provided two legal justiﬁcations for appropriating territory.
53 However, these dualities of International Society discussed above seem curiously to drop out in the English School’s portrayal of the expansion of European International Society. 54 The ‘achievements of the West’ (including the institutions of International Society) and the English School’s implicit conﬁdence in them ‘supply a universal yardstick by which to assess the degree of development of other societies’ within English School accounts,55 and this results in depicting the expansion of the Society as a global spread of ‘progressive’ elements of International Society (particularly international law and European-style diplomacy) that promote order and coexistence.
Although the English School scholars are correct in their claims that the institutions of European International Society have found widespread recognition, this again does not mean that their adoption by nonWestern states was somehow an unproblematic process. Imperialism and the expansion of European International Society The second shortcoming of conventional accounts of non-European states’ entry into European International Society follows from the last point above. Because English School scholars have tended to see the expansion of the Society as a progressive development, they have not adequately investigated the role of imperialism in this process.
Civilization and Empire: China and Japan's Encounter with European International Society by Shogo Suzuki