By David Hollenberg
The 1st book-length examine of ta'wil, a sort of allegorical scriptural interpretation propagated via Ismaili-Shiite missionaries
Ismailism, one of many 3 significant branches of Shiism, is better identified for ta'wil, an esoteric, allegorizing scriptural exegesis. past the Qur'ān: Early Ismaili Ta'wil and the secrets and techniques of the Prophets is the 1st book-length research of this interpretive style. studying resources composed via tenth-century Ismaili missionaries in gentle of social-science theories of cognition and sectarianism, David Hollenberg argues that the missionaries used ta'wil to instill in acolytes a suite of symbolic styles, varieties, and "logics." This shared symbolic global certain the neighborhood jointly because it created a gulf among group individuals and people outdoors the circulate. Hollenberg therefore situates ta'wil socially, as an interpretive perform that sustained a neighborhood of believers.
An very important point of ta'wil is its unconventional items of interpretation. Ismaili missionaries combined Qur'ānic exegesis with interpretation of Torah, Gospels, Greek philosophy, and emblems similar to the Christian move and Eucharist, in addition to Jewish gala's. formerly students have speculated that this extra-Qur'ānic ta'wil used to be meant to transform Jews and Christians to Ismailism. Hollenberg, departing from this view, argues that such interpretations have been, like Ismaili interpretations of the Qur'ān, meant for an Ismaili viewers, lots of whom switched over to the stream from different branches of Shiism.
Hollenberg argues that via exegesis of those unconventional resources, the missionaries tested that their imam by myself might strip the exterior husk from all demeanour of assets and exhibit the initiates fact in its natural, unmediated shape, an imaginal global to which they on my own had entry. in addition they fulfilled the promise that their imam may train them the secrets and techniques at the back of all religions, an indication that the preliminary degree of the top of days had commenced.
Beyond the Qur'ān contributes to our knowing of early Ismaili doctrine, Fatimid rhetoric, and, extra commonly, using esoteric literatures within the heritage of religion.
David Hollenberg is an assistant professor of Arabic and Islamic experiences on the collage of Oregon. He has authored articles on Ismailism and is the coeditor of The Yemeni Manuscript culture. Hollenberg is the founding father of the Yemen Manuscripts Digitization Initiative, a collective of students and librarians dedicated to protecting the manuscripts of Yemen.
Read Online or Download Beyond the Qurʾān. Early Ismaili Ta’wil and the Secrets of the Prophets PDF
Similar islam books
Because the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the shut alliance among Syria and Iran has continued for over 3 many years, according to geopolitical pursuits among the 2 states and sometimes framed within the language of resistance. In view in their powerful courting at a state-level, what have Syria and Iran every one been doing to foster well known alternate and hire cultural instruments to construct a picture within the different kingdom?
This landmark e-book probes Muslims’ attitudes towards Jews and Judaism as a unique case in their view of alternative non secular minorities in predominantly Muslim societies. With authority, sympathy and wit, Bernard Lewis demolishes competing stereotypes: the Islamophobic photograph of the fanatical Muslim warrior, sword in a single hand and Qur’ān within the different, and the overly romanticized depiction of Muslim societies as interfaith utopias.
This publication discusses our everlasting enemy, devil; anywhere we flip, devil, despised and cursed by way of Allah, has laid his traps for us, in his makes an attempt to show us clear of our Lord. This e-book exhibits that devil is a being that we should be on our shield opposed to.
"This is a real foundational paintings in Islamic stories. it truly is an open door into the very middle of Islamic civilization, whereas even as it indicates the bases of significant comparisons and insights for these drawn to cognate components in Western cultures. "It is an interesting, actually unique paintings in either its guiding views and its entire, truly awarded account of a valuable size of Islam.
- The Spiritual Background of Early Islam
- Islam: An Historic Introduction
- Terror and Toleration: The Habsburg Empire Confronts Islam, 1526-1850
- Shurāt Legends, Ibāḍī Identities. Martyrdom, Asceticism, and the Making of an Early Islamic Community
- iMuslims: Rewiring the House of Islam (Islamic Civilization and Muslim Networks)
- Human Development in the Muslim World
Additional resources for Beyond the Qurʾān. Early Ismaili Ta’wil and the Secrets of the Prophets
94 In this light, it is noteworthy that alNu⁽mān composed several works devoted to traditional Shīʿite (rather than partisan Ismā⁽īlī) works such as the Kitāb al-manāqib li-ahl al-bayt (The Book of Virtues of the Family of the Prophet) and the Sharḥ al-akhbār faḍā⁾il al-ā⁾imma (The Book of Reports regarding the Virtues of Imāms). It is difficult to view the jurisprudence and related genres produced by Fāṭimid-Ismā⁽īlīs as evidence of Ismā⁽īlism’s role as the Fāṭimid state religion. On the contrary, it could just as easily be read as an attempt to present the Fāṭimid Imām’s commitment to reaching out to all ⁽Alids.
But most were peasant Kutāma tribesmen. Prior to joining the daʿwa, these tribes had been only lightly “Islamicized” and were governed by tribal mores. Some of these customs, such as the sharing of wives with honored guests, were not in keeping with Islamic statutes. The leading missionary Abū ⁽Abd Allāh al-Shī⁽ī proscribed these non-Islamic practices. To each village he sent a young missionary he called an “elder” as a teacher and spiritual guide. These missionaries held Majālis al-ḥikma (sessions of wisdom), the same term for “lessons” that was used in Iraq, and, later, in Fāṭimid times.
104 Contrary to how Fāṭimid public rhetoric has been portrayed, rather than Ismā⁽īlī, I would suggest that the Fāṭimid state vacillated between partisan Shī⁽ite (the public cursing of the companions, the celebration of ⁽Ashūra and Ghadīr khum, the announcement of “come to the best of works” in the call to prayer) and broadly ⁽Alid (extolling ⁽Alī, Fāṭima, and their progeny as the bequest of the Prophets). Both entailed the Fāṭimids’ attempt to appeal to an audience sympathetic to the claim that legitimate rule should rest in a descendant of ⁽Alī and Fāṭima.
Beyond the Qurʾān. Early Ismaili Ta’wil and the Secrets of the Prophets by David Hollenberg