By Norm D. Smith, Frederick L. Hoff, Steven C. Campbell (auth.), Andrew C. Novick MD, Michael Marberger MD (eds.)
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Extra resources for Atlas of Clinical Urology: The Kidneys and Adrenals
Edited by Gillenwater JY, Grayhack JT, Howards SS, eta/. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book; 1996:193-217. 36. Newhouse JH : The radio logic evaluation of the patient with renal cancer. Ural Clin North Am 1993,20:23 1-246. 37. Bosniak MA: Problems in the radiologic diagnosis of renal parenchymal tumors. Ural Clin North Am 1993, 20:217-230. 8. : Imaging/excretory urography. In Adult and Pediatric Urology. Edited by G illenwater jY, Grayhack JT, Howards SS, et a/. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1997:79- 100.
Echogenic t FIGURE 2-3. Ultrasonogram of a simple renal cyst. This type of cyst is suggested on ultrasonography by increased through-transmission, an anechoic internal component of the cyst, an imperceptible extrarenal wall, and a sharply demarcated intrarenal wall. All four characteristics must be present to fit the strict definition of an ultrasonographically determined simple renal cyst. When these criteria are not met, further imaging is necessary. LT TRV-left transverse. foci in the wall, septa inside the cyst, nodularity of the wall, and a thickened wall all suggest a complicated cyst.
12 . Eble JN: Neoplasms of the kidney. In Urologic Surgical Pathology. Edited by Bostwick DG, Eble JN . St. Louis: Mosby; 1997:82- 147. 6. Laucks SP jr, M clachlan MSF: Aging and simple cysts of the kidney. Br j Radio/ 1981 ,54: 12- 14. 13. A}CC Cancer Staging Manual, edn 5. Edited by Fleming ID, Cooper JS, H enson DE, et a/. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1997: 1-294. 7. : The incidence of simple rena l cyst by computed tomography. Clin Radio/1 983, 34:437--439. 14. : The detection of renal carcinoma extension into the renal vein and inferior vena cava: a prospective comparison of venacavography and magnetic resonance imaging.
Atlas of Clinical Urology: The Kidneys and Adrenals by Norm D. Smith, Frederick L. Hoff, Steven C. Campbell (auth.), Andrew C. Novick MD, Michael Marberger MD (eds.)