By Said Amir Arjomand
A entire analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, masking the improvement of theocratic govt, stumbling blocks to democratization and hardliners' international coverage and nearby ambitions
Written by way of the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new thought of the progressive procedure and post-revolutionary reconstruction advised through the Iranian case
For many americans, Iran is our most deadly enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even sooner than the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the truth? How did Ahmadinejad upward thrust to energy, and what sort of strength does he rather have? What are the probabilities of normalizing relatives with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a refined and perceptive portrait of latest Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran less than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts off, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, providing a super pill biography of the guy who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter most sensible exemplified via Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic procedure, he strains the emergence and consolidation of the current process of collective rule by way of clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management by way of the ayatollah because the perfect consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the inner political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his innovative legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safety forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the capability destiny position of the progressive Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's international coverage besides, together with the impression of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few nations loom better in American overseas relatives than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, knowledgeable on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Extra resources for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
38 after khomeini Khamenei firmly retained his control over the Revolutionary Guards, whose elite Qods (Jerusalem) Forces were directly subordinate to him, and over the Mobilizational Corps (Basij). He also maintained Khomeini’s pervasive network of clerical commissars, not covered by the Constitution, in the government bureaucracy, military and security services, religious and mobilizational organizations, the foundations and foreign relations, as well as the provincial and municipal Friday prayer leaders (imām jom‛as).
He could not overthrow Saddam Hussein the way he had the Shah. On March 16, 1988, the Iraqi army used chemical weapons to wipe out 4000 Kurds who had allied themselves with Iran, and used the same weapons to overwhelm some 5000 Iranian troops in the Fao peninsula. 35 The world, especially the United States, turned a blind eye to Iraq’s use of chemical weapons, and on July 3, an Iran Air commercial ﬂight was downed by a missile from the USS Vincennes, killing all 290 persons aboard. On July 17, Iran accepted a ceaseﬁre on the basis of UN Security Council Resolution 598, which it had earlier rejected.
Khomeini did not set up a government in a vacuum, however, but took over an existing one that had undergone considerable modernization in the course of the twentieth century. His project of the Islamicization of the Pahlavi state and its transformation into a Shi’ite theocracy required a drastic transformation of the Shi’ite legal tradition. From being what Max Weber called a “jurists’ law,” the Shi’ite religious law had to be transformed into the law of the modern state based on a written constitution.
After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors by Said Amir Arjomand