By Robin Means
Fresh neighborhood care adjustments have raised basic concerns in regards to the altering position of the general public, voluntary and casual sectors within the provision of social care to frail aged humans. they've got additionally raised matters in regards to the future health and social care interface, easy methods to ration prone and the respective roles of residential care and care at domestic. the aim of this e-book is to set those debates within the context of the ancient development of welfare prone from the outbreak of the second one global conflict via to the institution of social providers departments in April 1971. dependent upon huge examine on fundamental providers akin to the general public files workplace and interviews with key actors, separate chapters examine the influence of the second one global struggle; the 1948 nationwide counsel Act; concerns in residential care; concerns in domiciliary care; and the construction of social providers departments.
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Extra resources for From Poor Law to Community Care: The Development of Welfare Services for Elderly People 1939-1971 (2nd edition)
As already indicated, the first hostels for victims of the bombing raids were established without government support by the Quaker Relief Organisations as a response to those elderly people who had fled London in panic. They were homeless because of the war but in an indirect way. Later residents were selected by Quaker relief workers in London on the basis of their homelessness or general isolation. According to Staley, they often dealt with cases “too delicate for the Authorities” such as old people “whose lives had been shamefully hard because of poverty, poor education and squalid homes, and particularly loneliness” (Staley, 1943, p 20).
37 From Poor Law to community care The next response of the Education Department was to approach the Rest Centre Service. It pointed out that: Ever since the present scheme came into operation, we have found that in spite of all our efforts to weed out unsuitable applications some old people of the wrong categories have slipped through in the parties for the hostels. 45 The request was for the use of a rest home (see next section) as a clearing house; six beds could be reserved for elderly evacuation applicants and a three- or four-day assessment carried out.
Abel-Smith, 1964, p 429) Abel-Smith indicates there was little response to this proposal, and this was borne out by Ministry of Health files5. 22 Evacuation and elderly people in the Second World War Mass bombing raids: the initial response The first year of the war had, therefore, brought considerable hardship to many frail and sick elderly people. The situation was to be made far worse with the impact of bombing raids from 23 August 1940 onwards. Minns has graphically described the scale of these raids for London alone: Not counting the thousands of small incendiary bombs that women and householders often swept off roofs and doormats, over 50,000 high explosive bombs fell on London between September 1940 and May 1941.
From Poor Law to Community Care: The Development of Welfare Services for Elderly People 1939-1971 (2nd edition) by Robin Means