By Christopher P. Atwood
The purpose of this encyclopedia is to hide either the background and tradition of the Mongolian peoples and of the Mongol Empire in the thirteenth and 14th centuries. whereas many see Mongol heritage easily as an outward explosion of an enormous empire that left little legacy, the tale of Mongol historical past and tradition is additionally one of a humans and background that constructed from prehistory to the current on an identical windswept plateau. during this encyclopedia the item on background surveys Mongolian heritage and the quite a few interpretations of it.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire
After seizing Khüriye in July 1921, the partisans 23 planned to establish a regular European-style army, unlike the traditional soldiers of the theocratic period or the ragged partisans of the revolution. With Soviet Red Army troops holding Khüriye until 1925, the Russians felt no urgency to supply a local Mongolian military, and growth was slow. Cavalry was the principal branch, with an artillery and a machine-gun regiment and a communications company. The supreme command was exercised by a commander in chief, supervised for the government by the army minister and for the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party by a military council with its chairman.
V. Radlov (W. Radloff, 1837–1918). In the 1920s true excavations began with the 1922–28 Central Asian expedition of the American Roy Chapman Andrews (1884–1960) and the 1923–26 Mongolian-Tibetan Expedition under P. K. Kozlov (1863–1935). Kozlov’s finds at NOYON UUL and Andrews’s Neolithic excavations at Bayanzag (Bulgan, South Gobi), incidental to his more famous dinosaur finds, showed the possibilities of Mongolian archaeology. In 1933–34 D. Bukenich made small digs at the city ruins of Khar Balgas (medieval ORDU-BALIGH) and the temples of TSOGTU TAIJI.
Allsen, Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001). A’uruq See AWARGA. Autonomous Period See THEOCRATIC PERIOD. Awarga (A’uruq, Aurug) Located in Delgerkhaan Sum, Khentii province, the Awarga ruins have been identified with the a’uruq, or “base camp,” of CHINGGIS KHAN mentioned in the SECRET HISTORY OF THE MONGOLS. 7 square miles) and included an artisans’ quarter in the east with three streets and many small dwellings, a series of 13 walled platforms ranged east to west, each with traces of three or four buildings, a palace covering 180 square meters (1,938 square feet), and a double-walled temple covering 81 square meters (872 square feet) just to the north of the settlement center.
Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire by Christopher P. Atwood