Countries and Their Cultures, Volume 3: Laos - Rwanda - download pdf or read online

By Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

ISBN-10: 0028649494

ISBN-13: 9780028649498

Just like the ten-volume Encyclopedia of global Cultures (Macmillan, 1996), the four-volume nations and Their Cultures is predicated at the selection of ethnographic info referred to as the Human relatives region records established at Yale collage. not like global Cultures, that's geared up by means of tradition, the hot paintings is geared up by way of kingdom. This work's energy is that readers who recognize little or no a few state can speedy receive an exceptional orientation to the main matters, background, and social constitution of a kingdom. The 225 entries are among ten and 20 pages lengthy and browse like a move among a well-written encyclopedia article, a shuttle consultant, and a social technological know-how essay. they supply an excellent common assessment of a rustic with no significantly oversimplifying or distorting. All entries have an identical constitution, with sections on geography, background, demography, languages, meals, economic climate, etiquette, politics, relatives, faith, and humanities and arts. A country's measure of cultural solidarity in addition to its cultural adaptations are defined within the sections on nationwide identification, ethnic relatives, and social stratification. each one access has a map with a local insert, black-and-white pictures, and a bibliography of contemporary scholarly books. suggested specially for libraries that don't personal Encyclopedia of worldwide Cultures. Marc Meola, Coll. of recent Jersey Lib., Ewing

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Extra info for Countries and Their Cultures, Volume 3: Laos - Rwanda

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Both men and women invariably wear the wool Basotho blanket as a cloak, regardless of the season. The careful selection of color and pattern allows for individual expression. Everywhere in Lesotho one will see the small, sturdy Sotho pony, adept at negotiating the steep mountains and gullies and indispensable for carrying the grain to the mill for grinding. The nation’s flag, adopted in 1987, has diagonal stripes of white, blue, and green. White is symbolic for peace (khotso), blue for rain (pula), and green for plenty National Identity.

Latin later became common, and finally the Arab invasion in the eighth century introduced and assured the hegemony of Arabic. Today, all Lebanese speak Arabic; most of them, especially the upper and middle classes, speak French; recently, English has become increasingly important. Symbolism. The cedar in the center of the Lebanese flag is the symbol of six thousand years of history: the cedar was Lebanon’s chief export in ancient times. The location of the cedar tree in the middle of the flag touching the upper and lower red stripes is also a reminder of Lebanon’s constant troubles because the red stripes represent the blood spilt by the Lebanese throughout their history.

Before 1975, performances of the Ramayana were patronized by the king, and there were some attempts at privately sponsored modern theater. After 1975, there were attempts to produce revolutionary theater. As the state tried to 1256 LAOS An elephant pulls teak and rosewood logs at the Pak Lay Sawmill. Logging is a major state-run industry. retraditionalize itself in the 1990s, it revived performances of the Ramayana. The actors and dancers are trained at the school for fine arts in Vientiane, and a similar school has been established in Luang Prabang.

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Countries and Their Cultures, Volume 3: Laos - Rwanda by Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

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