Download PDF by J. Chelikowsky (auth.), P. Siffert, E. F. Krimmel (eds.): Silicon: Evolution and Future of a Technology

By J. Chelikowsky (auth.), P. Siffert, E. F. Krimmel (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642073565

ISBN-13: 9783642073564

ISBN-10: 3662098970

ISBN-13: 9783662098974

With issues starting from epitaxy via lattice defects and doping to quantum computation, this booklet presents a personalised survey of the advance and use of silicon, the root for the progressive adjustments in our lives also known as "The Silicon Age." starting with the first actual advancements greater than 50 years in the past, it reviews on all points of silicon and silicon expertise as much as its use in fascinating new applied sciences, together with a look at attainable destiny advancements. A crew of professional authors, a lot of them pioneers within the box, have written informative and stimulating contributions that might be of curiosity to all scientists operating with silicon.

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Additional info for Silicon: Evolution and Future of a Technology

Example text

H. Zaininger from its very first beginnings - originally as technical-scientific researchers and later in responsible managerial positions. One of us (WH) was at Siemens, initially involved in the materials research and subsequently in device application. The other (KZ) was at RCA Laboratories in Princeton, NJ, USA, where he devoted his research efforts solely to silicon device technology. We have the indisputable advantage of a personal understanding of the various problems and an involvement in the sometimes dramatic happenings.

The metallic shine and relatively high conductivity of the (highly impure) samples, similar to that in the so-called hard metals, led to this erroneous conclusion. For example, in the 1953 edition of Linus Pauling's book General Chemistry [3], silicon is still called a semimetal. On the other hand, Pearson and Bardeen [4] had discovered in 1949 the hightemperature transition to intrinsic conduction and, thus, presented the proof of the semiconducting character of silicon. The samples used were, however, not single-crystal, so that the conductivity below this transition did not show the typical temperature dependence of extrinsic semiconductor conductivity.

7). Within the plane illustrated in this figure, the charge density is highly localized in bonds. 5 1 Time (ps) Fig. 14. Root-mean-square displacement of a Si atome in liquid Si. The temperature of the liquid is near the melting point. The slope of this curve is directly related to the self-diffusion constant of liquid silicon, [28] distribution of electrons in a liquid look like? In the liquid, the atoms are moving and one can only examine "snapshots" of the system or do some sort of averaging.

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Silicon: Evolution and Future of a Technology by J. Chelikowsky (auth.), P. Siffert, E. F. Krimmel (eds.)

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